A comparison of healthcare access, healthcare utilization and asthma self-management for Hispanic children in border and non-border regions of Texas
The purpose of this culminating experience was to investigate the relationships between healthcare utilization, insurance coverage, and socioeconomic characteristics of children with asthma along the Texas-Mexico Border. A secondary data analysis was conducted on cross-sectional data from the Texas Child Asthma Call-back Survey, a follow-up survey to the random digit dialed Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance Study (BRFSS) conducted between 2006-2009 ( n = 556 adults living in households with a child with asthma).^ The proportion of Hispanic children with asthma in Border areas of Texas was more than twice that of non-Border areas (84.8% vs. 28.8%). Parents in Border areas were less likely to have their own health insurance (OR = 0.251, 95% C.I. = 0.117-0.540) and less likely to complete the survey in English than Spanish (OR = 0.251 95% C.I. = 0.117-0.540) than parents in non-Border areas. No significant socio-economic or health care utilization differences were noted between Hispanic children living in Border areas compared to Hispanic children living in non-Border areas. Children with asthma along the Texas-Mexico Border, regardless of ethnicity and language, have insurance coverage rates, reported cost barriers to care, symptom management, and medication usage patterns similar to those in non-Border areas. When compared to English-speakers, Spanish-speaking parents in Texas as a whole are far less likely to be taught what to do during an asthma attack (50.2% vs. 78.6%).^ Language preference, rather than ethnicity or geographical residence, played a larger role on childhood asthma-related health disparities for children in Texas. Spanish-speaking parents in are less likely to receive adequate asthma self-management education. Investigating the effects of Hispanic acculturation rates and incongruent parent-child health insurance coverage may provide better insight into the health disparities of children along the Texas-Mexico Border.^
Health Sciences, Public Health
"A comparison of healthcare access, healthcare utilization and asthma self-management for Hispanic children in border and non-border regions of Texas"
(January 1, 2011).
Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest).