SONJIA PARKER REDMOND, The University of Texas School of Public Health


The importance of race as a factor in mental health status has been a topic of controversy. This study reviews the history of research in this area and examines racial variances in the relationship between selected socio-demographic variables and general well-being. The study also examines the appropriateness of an additive versus an interactive statistical model for this investigation.^ The sample consists of 6,913 persons who completed the General Well-Being Schedules as administered in the detailed component of the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I) conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics between April, 1971 and October, 1975. The sampling design is a multistage, probability sample of clusters of persons in area based segments. Of the 6,913 persons, 873 are Black.^ Unlike other recent community based mental health studies, this study revealed significant differences between the general well-being of Blacks and Whites. Blacks continued to exhibit significantly lower levels of well-being even after adjustments were made for income, education, marital status, sex, age and place of residence. Statistical interaction was found between race and sex with Black females reporting lower levels of well-being than either Black or White males or their White female counterparts.^ The study includes a detailed review of the NHANES I sample design. It is shown that selected aspects of the design make it difficult to render appropriate national comparisons of Black-White differences. As a result conclusions pertaining to these differences based on NHANES I may be of questionable validity. ^

Subject Area

Health Sciences, Mental Health

Recommended Citation

REDMOND, SONJIA PARKER, "AN ANALYSIS OF THE GENERAL WELL-BEING OF BLACKS AND WHITES" (1983). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8408515.