FEASIBILITY OF CORRELATING INCIDENCE OF DIARRHEA WITH CHARACTERISTICS OF RURAL EGYPTIAN HOUSEHOLDS BY MEANS OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL SURVEY

CHARLES EVEREST WRIGHT, The University of Texas School of Public Health

Abstract

Few, if any studies, have attempted to identify the specific environmental factors associated with the incidence of diarrheal disease and to rank these by their contribution to the total incidence of diarrheal illness. Potentially those factors with the greatest contribution are the variables on which intervention could be expected to have the greatest impact on the incidence of diarrhea.^ In 317 rural Egyptian households participating in a longitudinal study of diarrheal disease, selected environmental characteristics were observed and recorded on a questionnaire. Characteristics of the environment were classified into seven categories including water usage, proximity of animals to the house, waste management, food preparation area, toilet area, the household structure and hygiene. The variables from each of the seven major groupings most associated with the incidence of diarrhea in infants were selected through the application of stepwise multiple regression. Each area was then ranked by the portion of the incidence of diarrhea in infants that each composite group of area-specific variables alone would explain. The groups of household structure and water usage variables were found to be more associated with the incidence of diarrhea in infants than variables describing the toilet area, proximity to animals or others. It was also found that 24.7% of the total variance in incidence of diarrheal illness was explained by environmental variables. ^

Subject Area

Health Sciences, Public Health

Recommended Citation

CHARLES EVEREST WRIGHT, "FEASIBILITY OF CORRELATING INCIDENCE OF DIARRHEA WITH CHARACTERISTICS OF RURAL EGYPTIAN HOUSEHOLDS BY MEANS OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL SURVEY" (January 1, 1985). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). Paper AAI8601804.
http://digitalcommons.library.tmc.edu/dissertations/AAI8601804

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