Date of Graduation

5-2015

Document Type

Thesis (MS)

Program Affiliation

Biomedical Sciences

Degree Name

Masters of Science (MS)

Advisor/Committee Chair

Ronald A DePinho, MD

Committee Member

Laura Beretta, PhD

Committee Member

Elsa Renee Flores, PhD

Committee Member

Prahlad Ram, PhD

Committee Member

Hui-Kuan Lin, PhD

Committee Member

Alan Y Wang, PhD

Abstract

Poor prognosis of prostate cancer is correlated with rampant chromosomal copy number alterations, highlighting the potential function of genes with copy number gains and losses in driving prostate cancer progression. To identify putative genes promoting prostate cancer, an in vivo tumorigenesis screen was performed for 286 genes that are recurrently amplified and overexpressed in human prostate cancer. The transcription co-activator protein PYGO2 was identified as a major hit for further in vivo functional and clinical validation. Overexpression of PYGO2 could enhance primary tumor growth as well as local invasion to lymph nodes using AR-positive prostate cancer cell line LNCaP. PYGO2 may mediate its pro-tumor function through upregulation of genes including WNT2, ADAMTS2, IGFBP3 and downregulation of KISS1. Tissue microarray analysis indicated that PYGO2 upregulation was correlated with higher Gleason score in prostate cancer. Collectively, the results suggest PYGO2 as a potential prognostic marker as well as a therapeutic target. Additional functional characterization of PYGO2 in prostate cancer pathogenesis is warranted and ongoing.

Keywords

prostate cancer; genomic screen; PYGO2

Available for download on Wednesday, May 10, 2017

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