Title

Identification and characterization of the herpes simplex virus type 2 gene encoding the essential capsid protein ICP32/VP19c.

Publication Date

3-1-1990

Journal

Journal of Virology

Abstract

We describe the characterization of the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) gene encoding infected cell protein 32 (ICP32) and virion protein 19c (VP19c). We also demonstrate that the HSV-1 UL38/ORF.553 open reading frame (ORF), which has been shown to specify a viral protein essential for capsid formation (B. Pertuiset, M. Boccara, J. Cebrian, N. Berthelot, S. Chousterman, F. Puvian-Dutilleul, J. Sisman, and P. Sheldrick, J. Virol. 63: 2169-2179, 1989), must encode the cognate HSV type 1 (HSV-1) ICP32/VP19c protein. The region of the HSV-2 genome deduced to contain the gene specifying ICP32/VP19c was isolated and subcloned, and the nucleotide sequence of 2,158 base pairs of HSV-2 DNA mapping immediately upstream of the gene encoding the large subunit of the viral ribonucleotide reductase was determined. This region of the HSV-2 genome contains a large ORF capable of encoding two related 50,538- and 49,472-molecular-weight polypeptides. Direct evidence that this ORF encodes HSV-2 ICP32/VP19c was provided by immunoblotting experiments that utilized antisera directed against synthetic oligopeptides corresponding to internal portions of the predicted polypeptides encoded by the HSV-2 ORF or antisera directed against a TrpE/HSV-2 ORF fusion protein. The type-common immunoreactivity of the two antisera and comparison of the primary amino acid sequences of the predicted products of the HSV-2 ORF and the equivalent genomic region of HSV-1 provided evidence that the HSV-1 UL38 ORF encodes the HSV-1 ICP32/VP19c. Analysis of the expression of the HSV-1 and HSV-2 ICP32/VP19c cognate proteins indicated that there may be differences in their modes of synthesis. Comparison of the predicted structure of the HSV-2 ICP32/VP19c protein with the structures of related proteins encoded by other herpes viruses suggested that the internal capsid architecture of the herpes family of viruses varies substantially.

Keywords

Amino Acid Sequence, Base Sequence, Capsid, Capsid Proteins, Cell Line, DNA Replication, DNA, Viral, Genes, Viral, Humans, Molecular Sequence Data, Peptides, Phosphonoacetic Acid, Protein Conformation, Restriction Mapping, Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid, Simplexvirus, Viral Structural Proteins