Single-stranded DNA-binding proteins regulate the abundance of LIM domain and LIM domain-binding proteins.
Genes Dev. 2007 April 15; 21(8): 942–955. doi: 10.1101/gad.1528507.
The LIM domain-binding protein Ldb1 is an essential cofactor of LIM-homeodomain (LIM-HD) and LIM-only (LMO) proteins in development. The stoichiometry of Ldb1, LIM-HD, and LMO proteins is tightly controlled in the cell and is likely a critical determinant of their biological actions. Single-stranded DNA-binding proteins (SSBPs) were recently shown to interact with Ldb1 and are also important in developmental programs. We establish here that two mammalian SSBPs, SSBP2 and SSBP3, contribute to an erythroid DNA-binding complex that contains the transcription factors Tal1 and GATA-1, the LIM domain protein Lmo2, and Ldb1 and binds a bipartite E-box-GATA DNA sequence motif. In addition, SSBP2 was found to augment transcription of the Protein 4.2 (P4.2) gene, a direct target of the E-box-GATA-binding complex, in an Ldb1-dependent manner and to increase endogenous Ldb1 and Lmo2 protein levels, E-box-GATA DNA-binding activity, and P4.2 and beta-globin expression in erythroid progenitors. Finally, SSBP2 was demonstrated to inhibit Ldb1 and Lmo2 interaction with the E3 ubiquitin ligase RLIM, prevent RLIM-mediated Ldb1 ubiquitination, and protect Ldb1 and Lmo2 from proteasomal degradation. These results define a novel biochemical function for SSBPs in regulating the abundance of LIM domain and LIM domain-binding proteins.
Animals, Beta-Globulins, CHO Cells, COS Cells, Cell Line, Tumor, Cercopithecus aethiops, Cricetinae, Cricetulus, DNA, Single-Stranded, DNA-Binding Proteins, Erythroid Precursor Cells, GATA1 Transcription Factor, Homeodomain Proteins, Mice, Multiprotein Complexes, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Protein Structure, Tertiary, RNA Interference, Repressor Proteins, Transcription Factors