Translational regulation of nuclear gene COX4 expression by mitochondrial content of phosphatidylglycerol and cardiolipin in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Mol Cell Biol. 2006 February; 26(3): 743–753.
Previous results indicated that translation of four mitochondrion-encoded genes and one nucleus-encoded gene (COX4) is repressed in mutants (pgs1Delta) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae lacking phosphatidylglycerol and cardiolipin. COX4 translation was studied here using a mitochondrially targeted green fluorescence protein (mtGFP) fused to the COX4 promoter and its 5' and 3' untranslated regions (UTRs). Lack of mtGFP expression independent of carbon source and strain background was established to be at the translational level. The translational defect was not due to deficiency of mitochondrial respiratory function but was rather caused directly by the lack of phosphatidylglycerol and cardiolipin in mitochondrial membranes. Reintroduction of a functional PGS1 gene under control of the ADH1 promoter restored phosphatidylglycerol synthesis and expression of mtGFP. Deletion analysis of the 5' UTR(COX4) revealed the presence of a 50-nucleotide fragment with two stem-loops as a cis-element inhibiting COX4 translation. Binding of a protein factor(s) specifically to this sequence was observed with cytoplasm from pgs1Delta but not PGS1 cells. Using HIS3 and lacZ as reporters, extragenic spontaneous recessive mutations that allowed expression of His3p and beta-galactosidase were isolated, which appeared to be loss-of-function mutations, suggesting that the genes mutated may encode the trans factors that bind to the cis element in pgs1Delta cells.
5' Untranslated Regions, Base Sequence, CDPdiacylglycerol-Serine O-Phosphatidyltransferase, Cardiolipins, Cell Nucleus, Electron Transport Complex IV, Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic, Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal, Genes, Fungal, Genes, Reporter, Green Fluorescent Proteins, Mitochondria, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Phosphatidylglycerols, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Protein Biosynthesis, RNA, Messenger, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Sequence Deletion