Hsp110 chaperones control client fate determination in the hsp70-Hsp90 chaperone system.
Mol Biol Cell. 2010 May 1; 21(9): 1439–1448.
Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) plays a central role in protein homeostasis and quality control in conjunction with other chaperone machines, including Hsp90. The Hsp110 chaperone Sse1 promotes Hsp90 activity in yeast, and functions as a nucleotide exchange factor (NEF) for cytosolic Hsp70, but the precise roles Sse1 plays in client maturation through the Hsp70-Hsp90 chaperone system are not fully understood. We find that upon pharmacological inhibition of Hsp90, a model protein kinase, Ste11DeltaN, is rapidly degraded, whereas heterologously expressed glucocorticoid receptor (GR) remains stable. Hsp70 binding and nucleotide exchange by Sse1 was required for GR maturation and signaling through endogenous Ste11, as well as to promote Ste11DeltaN degradation. Overexpression of another functional NEF partially compensated for loss of Sse1, whereas the paralog Sse2 fully restored GR maturation and Ste11DeltaN degradation. Sse1 was required for ubiquitinylation of Ste11DeltaN upon Hsp90 inhibition, providing a mechanistic explanation for its role in substrate degradation. Sse1/2 copurified with Hsp70 and other proteins comprising the "early-stage" Hsp90 complex, and was absent from "late-stage" Hsp90 complexes characterized by the presence of Sba1/p23. These findings support a model in which Hsp110 chaperones contribute significantly to the decision made by Hsp70 to fold or degrade a client protein.
Genetic Complementation Test, HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins, HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins, Immunoblotting, Molecular Chaperones, Mutation, Receptors, Glucocorticoid, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Ubiquitin