Synaptic vesicle dynamics in mouse rod bipolar cells.
Vis Neurosci. 2008; 25(4): 523–533.
To better understand synaptic signaling at the mammalian rod bipolar cell terminal and pave the way for applying genetic approaches to the study of visual information processing in the mammalian retina, synaptic vesicle dynamics and intraterminal calcium were monitored in terminals of acutely isolated mouse rod bipolar cells and the number of ribbon-style active zones quantified. We identified a releasable pool, corresponding to a maximum of 7 s. The presence of a smaller, rapidly releasing pool and a small, fast component of refilling was also suggested. Following calcium channel closure, membrane surface area was restored to baseline with a time constant that ranged from 2 to 21 s depending on the magnitude of the preceding Ca2+ transient. In addition, a brief, calcium-dependent delay often preceded the start of onset of membrane recovery. Thus, several aspects of synaptic vesicle dynamics appear to be conserved between rod-dominant bipolar cells of fish and mammalian rod bipolar cells. A major difference is that the number of vesicles available for release is significantly smaller in the mouse rod bipolar cell, both as a function of the total number per neuron and on a per active zone basis.
Animals, Calcium, Calcium Channels, Calcium Signaling, Electrophysiological Processes, Endocytosis, Exocytosis, Immunohistochemistry, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Microscopy, Confocal, Retinal Bipolar Cells, Retinal Rod Photoreceptor Cells, Synaptic Vesicles, Time Factors