Title

Time-kill and synergism studies of ceftobiprole against Enterococcus faecalis, including beta-lactamase-producing and vancomycin-resistant isolates.

Publication Date

6-1-2007

Journal

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2007 June; 51(6): 2043–2047.

Abstract

Ceftobiprole (BAL9141) is an investigational cephalosporin with broad in vitro activity against gram-positive cocci, including enterococci. Ceftobiprole MICs were determined for 93 isolates of Enterococcus faecalis (including 16 beta-lactamase [Bla] producers and 17 vancomycin-resistant isolates) by an agar dilution method following the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute recommendations. Ceftobiprole MICs were also determined with a high inoculum concentration (10(7) CFU/ml) for a subset of five Bla producers belonging to different previously characterized clones by a broth dilution method. Time-kill and synergism studies (with either streptomycin or gentamicin) were performed with two beta-lactamase-producing isolates (TX0630 and TX5070) and two vancomycin-resistant isolates (TX2484 [VanB] and TX2784 [VanA]). The MICs of ceftobiprole for 50 and 90% of the isolates tested were 0.25 and 1 microg/ml, respectively. All Bla producers and vancomycin-resistant isolates were inhibited by concentrations of

Keywords

Anti-Bacterial Agents, Cephalosporins, Drug Synergism, Enterococcus faecalis, Gentamicins, Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections, Humans, Microbial Sensitivity Tests, Streptomycin, Vancomycin Resistance, beta-Lactamases