Wingless activity in the precursor cells specifies neuronal migratory behavior in the Drosophila nerve cord.
Dev Biol. 2007 November 15; 311(2): 613–622.
Neurons and their precursor cells are formed in different regions within the developing CNS, but they migrate and occupy very specific sites in the mature CNS. The ultimate position of neurons is crucial for establishing proper synaptic connectivity in the brain. In Drosophila, despite its extensive use as a model system to study neurogenesis, we know almost nothing about neuronal migration or its regulation. In this paper, I show that one of the most studied neuronal pairs in the Drosophila nerve cord, RP2/sib, has a complicated migratory route. Based on my studies on Wingless (Wg) signaling, I report that the neuronal migratory pattern is determined at the precursor cell stage level. The results show that Wg activity in the precursor neuroectodermal and neuroblast levels specify neuronal migratory pattern two divisions later, thus, well ahead of the actual migratory event. Moreover, at least two downstream genes, Cut and Zfh1, are involved in this process but their role is at the downstream neuronal level. The functional importance of normal neuronal migration and the requirement of Wg signaling for the process are indicated by the finding that mislocated RP2 neurons in embryos mutant for Wg-signaling fail to properly send out their axon projection.
Animals, Cell Lineage, Cell Movement, Central Nervous System, DNA-Binding Proteins, Drosophila Proteins, Drosophila melanogaster, Homeodomain Proteins, Neurons, Nuclear Proteins, Proto-Oncogene Proteins, Repressor Proteins, Signal Transduction, Transcription Factors, Wnt1 Protein