Rigorously assessing whether the data backs the back school.

Publication Date



AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2003; 2003: 1041.


A rigorous between-subjects methodology employing independent random samples and having broad clinical applicability was designed and implemented to evaluate the effectiveness of back safety and patient transfer training interventions for both hospital nurses and nursing assistants. Effects upon self-efficacy, cognitive, and affective measures are assessed for each of three back safety procedures. The design solves the problem of obtaining randomly assigned independent controls where all experimental subjects must participate in the training interventions.


Back Injuries, Humans, Inservice Training, Lifting, Nurses' Aides, Nursing Staff, Hospital, Safety Management, Transportation of Patients