Policy analysis of hospital infections in the United States

Medhat Daioub, The University of Texas School of Public Health


The purpose of this policy analysis is to provide a basis for reducing healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) by implementing cost effective guidelines in U.S. hospitals. Some of the objectives include: identify and compare different hospital policies of HAIs in the U.S., the impact of HAIs in patients staying in hospitals, the cost of HAIs in the U.S., and the prevalence of new cases of HAIs. The methods employed in this policy analysis included the systematic review which consisted of articles published in order to identify and compare policies. Different data was analyzed for comparison purposes, focusing on policies, costs and prevalence of HAIs. The prevalence and mortality for most HAIs were statistically significantly different. At face value, costs of HAIs differed between 2011 and 2013. Review of the policy implementations due to NHSN found mixed results since 2009. Some conclusions that were drawn relate to the way different institutions in the United States report and treat HAIs including costs. Mixed results on whether or not these policy implementations did affect HAIs in the United States remains elusive.

Subject Area

American studies|Public health|Public policy|Epidemiology

Recommended Citation

Daioub, Medhat, "Policy analysis of hospital infections in the United States" (2015). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI10027732.