Compounds that bind to the γ-aminobutyric acid benzodiazepine ionophore complex modulate the cellular response to oxidant stress
The γ-aminobutyric acid benzodiazepine (GABAA /BZDR) ionophore complex has been widely studied in the central nervous system (CNS) and it regulates Cl− ion movement across the plasma membrane. The complex has been found in the distal tubule and the thick ascending limb of the kidney. The goal of this study was to see if modulation of this complex by agonists or antagonists could affect the way Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cells responded to an oxidant stress induced by menadione. When compared to cells incubated with menadione alone, preincubation with lindane, a nonspecific GABAA antagonist, coincubation with bicuculline, a specific GABAA antagonist, and coincubation with FG7142, an inverse agonist for the BZDR, protected cells from menadione cytotoxicity. Preincubation of cells in media containing PK11195 had no effect on menadione cytotoxicity. Coincubation with flurazepam, a BZDR agonist, exacerbated menadione cytotoxicity. This suggests that modulation of the GABAA/BZDR ionophore complex within MDCK cells with agonists and antagonists can alter the cellular responsiveness to an oxidant-induced injury. These responses via agonists and antagonists may be due to alterations of Cl− ion influx during late stage necrotic cell death.
Toxicology|Public health|Environmental science
Bercu, Joel P, "Compounds that bind to the γ-aminobutyric acid benzodiazepine ionophore complex modulate the cellular response to oxidant stress" (2001). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1406488.