Breast cancer risk and heterocyclic amines and effect modification by NAT gene polymorphisms

Kirti S Talole, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in the United States and is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths (1). Recently, dietary heterocyclic amines (HCAs) have been proposed to be a risk factor for breast cancer (2). This study uses the data collected for a case-control study conducted at the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center to assess the association between breast cancer risk and HCAs {2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazole [4,5-b] pyridine (PhIP), 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo [4,5-f] quinoxaline (MeIQx), 2-amino-3,4,8-trimethylimidazo [4,5-f] quinoxaline (DiMeIQx) and mutagenicity of HCAs} and to examine if this association is modified by genetic polymorphisms of N-acetyl transferases (NAT1/NAT2). The NAT1/2 genotype was determined using Taqman technology. HCAs were estimated by using a meat preparation questionnaire on meat type, cooking method, and doneness, combined with a quantitative HCA database. Three hundred and fifty patients with breast cancer attending the Diagnostic Radiology Clinic at M. D. Anderson Cancer Center and fulfilling the eligibility criteria were compared to three hundred and fifty patients attending the same clinic for benign breast lesions to answer these questions. Logistic regression models were used to control for known risk factors and showed no statistically significant association between breast cancer versus benign breast cancer lesions and dietary intake of heterocyclic amines. There was no clear difference in their effect after subgroup analyses in different acetylator strata of NAT1/2 and no statistical interactions were found between NAT1/2 genotypes and HCAs, suggesting no effect modification by NAT1/2 acetylator status. These results suggest the need for further research to analyze if these null associations were because of the benign breast lesions sharing the risk factors with breast cancer or any other factors which haven't been explored yet.

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Recommended Citation

Talole, Kirti S, "Breast cancer risk and heterocyclic amines and effect modification by NAT gene polymorphisms" (2007). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1443322.