Gasoline and leukemia: A review

Zizhuang Li, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Gasoline is perhaps one of the most familiar substances to people in our society. Benzene is a component of gasoline and it is hemotoxic and carcinogenic at high concentrations. With increased governmental regulation of gasoline and benzene exposure, the hazardous effects of benzene on public health are very limited. As long as environmental conditions meet OSHA regulation standards, most individuals are not aware of the hazardous effect of benzene. However, recent studies have found that less than 1ppm benzene exposure which is below OSHA exposure regulatory standard may cause hematological damage. This paper reviews the relationship among gasoline-related work, daily life gasoline exposure, public health and new updated research in this field. We searched for relevant publications from 1966 through 2006 in three databases: Ovid Medline, PubMed and TOXNET. This review is a means toward educating people about exposure to benzene in different environments. Although government has developed good monitoring and prevention methods to decrease the harm from gasoline, we are aware that the problem is still there. The primary public health message is the benzene may cause hematological effects even at or below the U.S occupational standard of 1ppm.

Subject Area

Occupational safety|Environmental science|Oncology

Recommended Citation

Li, Zizhuang, "Gasoline and leukemia: A review" (2007). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1444034.