DNA nucleotide excision repair gene single nucleotide polymorphisms and hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer

Nianxiang Zhang, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is an autosomal dominant disease caused by germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair(MMR) genes. The nucleotide excision repair(NER) pathway plays a very important role in cancer development. We systematically studied interactions between NER and MMR genes to identify NER gene single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) risk factors that modify the effect of MMR mutations on risk for cancer in HNPCC. We analyzed data from polymorphisms in 10 NER genes that had been genotyped in HNPCC patients that carry MSH2 and MLH1 gene mutations. The influence of the NER gene SNPs on time to onset of colorectal cancer (CRC) was assessed using survival analysis and a semiparametric proportional hazard model. We found the median age of onset for CRC among MMR mutation carriers with the ERCC1 mutation was 3.9 years earlier than patients with wildtype ERCC1(median 47.7 vs 51.6, log-rank test p=0.035). The influence of Rad23B A249V SNP on age of onset of HNPCC is age dependent (likelihood ratio test p=0.0056). Interestingly, using the likelihood ratio test, we also found evidence of genetic interactions between the MMR gene mutations and SNPs in ERCC1 gene(C8092A) and XPG/ERCC5 gene(D1104H) with p-values of 0.004 and 0.042, respectively. An assessment using tree structured survival analysis (TSSA) showed distinct gene interactions in MLH1 mutation carriers and MSH2 mutation carriers. ERCC1 SNP genotypes greatly modified the age onset of HNPCC in MSH2 mutation carriers, while no effect was detected in MLH1 mutation carriers. Given the NER genes in this study play different roles in NER pathway, they may have distinct influences on the development of HNPCC. The findings of this study are very important for elucidation of the molecular mechanism of colon cancer development and for understanding why some mutation carriers of the MSH2 and MLH1 gene develop CRC early and others never develop CRC. Overall, the findings also have important implications for the development of early detection strategies and prevention as well as understanding the mechanism of colorectal carcinogenesis in HNPCC.

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Recommended Citation

Zhang, Nianxiang, "DNA nucleotide excision repair gene single nucleotide polymorphisms and hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer" (2007). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1445119.