Risk of adult-onset asthma in Mexican-American women employed in food preparation or food service
Existing literature examining the association between occupation and asthma has not been adequately powered to address this question in the food preparation or food service industries. Few studies have addressed the possible link between occupational exposure to cooking fumes and asthma. This secondary analysis of cohort study data aimed to investigate the association between adult-onset asthma and exposure to: (a) cooking fumes at work or (b) longest-held employment in food preparation or food service (e.g. waiters and waitresses, food preparation workers, non-restaurant food servers, etc.). Participants arose from a cohort of Mexican-American women residing in Houston, TX, recruited between July 2001 and June 2007. This analysis used Cox proportional-hazards regression to estimate the hazard ratio of adult-onset asthma given the exposures of interest, adjusting for age, BMI, smoking status, acculturation, and birthplace. We found a strong association between adult-onset asthma and occupational exposure to cooking fumes (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.77; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.15, 2.72), especially in participants whose longest-held occupation was not in the food-related industry (HR = 2.12; 95% CI, 1.21, 3.60). In conclusion, adult-onset asthma is a serious public health concern for food industry workers.
Occupational safety|Public health|Epidemiology
Nichols, Joseph S, "Risk of adult-onset asthma in Mexican-American women employed in food preparation or food service" (2007). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1445553.