The prevalence of food insecurity and associated factors among households with children in Head Start programs in Houston, Texas and Birmingham, Alabama
The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of food insecurity and factors associated with food insecurity among households with children enrolled in Head Start programs in Houston, Texas, and Birmingham, Alabama. This cross-sectional study utilized data gathered from 688 households recruited by convenience sample from two Head Start districts in each city. Interviewers collected data from primary caregivers on demographic characteristics, dietary intake, and the six-item USDA food security module. Chi-square and logistic regression analysis were used to determine the association of food security and demographic characteristics. Comparison of means was used to analyze the association between the child's fruit and vegetable intake and the household's food security status. The prevalence of food insecurity among the sample was 34.9% (95% CI: 31.3%, 38.5%). Characteristics associated with food insecurity were the caregiver's national origin (Foreign-born (ref.) v. U.S.-born, adjusted OR = 0.36, 95% CI: 0.14, 0.94), gender of the child (male (ref.) v. female, adjusted OR = 1.44, 95% CI: 1.03, 2.01), and city of residence (Birmingham (ref.) v. Houston, adjusted OR = 0.20, 95% CI: 0.10, 0.39). Children in food insecure households consumed more daily servings of fruits and vegetables on average (mean = 2.44) than children in food secure households (mean = 2.16, p = 0.04).
LaCour, Michelle, "The prevalence of food insecurity and associated factors among households with children in Head Start programs in Houston, Texas and Birmingham, Alabama" (2007). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1447160.