The role of transforming growth factor beta signaling in cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis in heart failure

Vijay Ganesh Divakaran, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Objective. To determine whether transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) receptor blockade using an oral antagonist has an effect on cardiac myocyte size in the hearts of transgenic mice with a heart failure phenotype. Methods. In this pilot experimental study, cardiac tissue sections from the hearts of transgenic mice overexpressing tumor necrosis factor (MHCsTNF mice) having a phenotype of heart failure and wild-type mice, treated with an orally available TGF-β receptor antagonist were stained with wheat germ agglutinin to delineate the myocyte cell membrane and imaged using fluorescence microscopy. Using MetaVue software, the cardiac myocyte circumference was traced and the cross sectional area (CSA) of individual myocytes were measured. Measurements were repeated at the epicardial, mid-myocardial and endocardial levels to ensure adequate sampling and to minimize the effect of regional variations in myocyte size. ANOVA testing with post-hoc pairwise comparisons was done to assess any difference between the drug-treated and diluent-treated groups. Results. There were no statistically significant differences in the average myocyte CSA measured at the epicardial, mid-myocardial or endocardial levels between diluent treated littermate control mice, drug treated normal mice, diluent-treated transgenic mice and drug-treated transgenic mice. There was no difference between the average pan-myocardial cross sectional area between any of the four groups mentioned above. Conclusions. TGF-β receptor blockade using oral TGF-β receptor antagonist does not alter myocyte size in MHCsTNF mice that have a phenotype of heart failure.

Subject Area

Molecular biology|Cellular biology

Recommended Citation

Divakaran, Vijay Ganesh, "The role of transforming growth factor beta signaling in cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis in heart failure" (2007). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1447187.