Adherence to medication regimen among children with persistent asthma in Houston, Texas

Joy M De Los Reyes, The University of Texas School of Public Health


An estimated 5.6 million children under the age of 18 suffer from asthma in the United States making asthma one of the most common chronic diseases in children. Because of the nature of the disease, the treatment regimen necessary to manage asthma has considerably changed as new drugs are developed and improved. The complexity of the treatment regimen recommended by the physician, however, has been linked with problems in adherence. Accordingly, the purpose of this cross-sectional study is to determine the prevalence of adherence to medication regimens among children between 9 to 15 years of age with physician-diagnosed asthma in Houston, Texas. The study used a set of data from a sample of children who participated in a pilot, panel asthma study to investigate the association between exposure to oxygenated air toxics and asthma health outcomes, conducted between 2002 and 2003. Data on daily intake of medication and onset of asthma-related symptoms were collected for each child per 10-day sampling period. Information was gathered through telephone or personal interviews for the 28 study participants who completed the study. The prevalence of adherence was calculated based on the number of times the participant reported taking his or her maintenance medication. The Fisher's Exact test and the Student's t-test were used to compare the level of adherence between the first and the last sampling cycle (Cycle 1 and Cycle 4) among the study participants by age, gender, and ethnicity.

Subject Area

Public health

Recommended Citation

De Los Reyes, Joy M, "Adherence to medication regimen among children with persistent asthma in Houston, Texas" (2007). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1447188.