A meta-analysis: Obesity and colorectal cancer screening
Of cancer death, colorectal cancer death ranks second in the United States. Obesity is an important risk factor for colorectal cancer (1). Early detection of colorectal cancer when it is localized can effectively reduce mortality of colorectal cancer and increase survival time of patients if they are treated. Also, previous studies showed that obese women were more likely to delay breast cancer screening and cervical cancer screening than normal weight women (2-5). However, results from prior studies demonstrating the relationship between obesity and colorectal cancer screening are not consistent. This research was done to conduct a meta-analysis of previous cross-sectional studies selected from the Medline database and to evaluate the association between obesity and colorectal cancer screening. While the odds ratio was not statistically different from one, the results from this meta-analysis under the random effects model showed that obese people are slightly less likely to have colorectal cancer screening compared to normal weight individuals (OR,0.93;95% CI 0.75-1.15). This meta-analysis was particularly sensitive to one individual study (6) and the effect of obesity on colorectal cancer screening was statistically significant (OR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.81-0.92) after removing Heo's study. Further systematic studies focused on whether the effect of obesity on colorectal cancer screening is limited to women only are suggested.
Zhang, Hong, "A meta-analysis: Obesity and colorectal cancer screening" (2007). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1447194.