Pre-employment drug testing among job applicants at a Texas tertiary level pediatric hospital: 1992–2006
This study is a retrospective longitudinal study at Texas Children's Hospital, a 350-bed tertiary level pediatric teaching hospital in Houston, Texas, for the period 1990 to 2006. It measured the incidence and trends of positive pre-employment drug tests among new job applicants At TCH. Over the study period, 16,219 job applicants underwent pre-employment drug screening at TCH. Of these, 330 applicants (2%) tested positive on both the EMIT and GC/MS. After review by the medical review officer, the number of true drug test positive applicants decreased to 126 (0.78%). According to the overall annual positive drug test incidence rates, the highest overall incidence was in 2002 (14.71 per 1000 tests) and the lowest in 2004 (3.17 per 1000 tests). Despite a marked increase in 2002, over the 15-year study period the overall incidence tended to decrease. Incidence rates and trends of other illegal drugs are further discussed in the study. And in general, these incidence rates also decline in the study period. In addition to that, we found the overall, positive drug tests were more common in females than in males (55.5% versus 44.4%).
Fernando, Savithri, "Pre-employment drug testing among job applicants at a Texas tertiary level pediatric hospital: 1992–2006" (2007). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1450291.