Factors associated with mammography utilization in Sao Paulo and Mexico city elderly females

Celia Katrine Naivar, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Introduction. Breast cancer has the highest incidence and mortality rates of all cancers in Sao Paulo and Mexico City women with rates expected to rise due to increasing elderly populations. While mammograms could reduce the breast cancer burden, little information exists about screening behavior factors in these areas. The primary objective of this study is testing the association of socio-demographic, geographic, and health access/health status variables on mammogram screenings in elderly females in both cities. Studying the regions' healthcare systems and their screening impact is the ancillary objective. Methods. Accounting for the complex sample design (weights, stratification, and clusters) of the 1999-2000 SABE study, analysis of mammogram utilization in the past two years was performed. The sample consisted of 1239 women from Sao Paulo and 1349 women from Mexico City. Results. Having private insurance in Sao Paulo (OR = 5.86) and Mexico City (OR = 4.09) increased the chance of having a mammogram in the targeted women. In both cities, women with higher levels of education had higher likelihoods of screening (Sao Paulo OR = 4.56 and Mexico City OR = 3.04). Age, regular medical care, and health status were significant in Sao Paulo; however, the factors showed no significance in Mexico City. Discussion. Mammogram utilization can reduce mortality from breast cancer, and understanding screening factors is crucial to screening adherence. Addressing key variables may lead to increased screening and decreased breast cancer mortality in elderly women in Sao Paulo, Mexico City, and similar regions.

Subject Area

Public health

Recommended Citation

Naivar, Celia Katrine, "Factors associated with mammography utilization in Sao Paulo and Mexico city elderly females" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1450294.