Differences in health status of HIV infected children cared for by parents as compared to those cared for by grandparents

Betty Kintu Nsangi, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Purpose. The purpose of the study was to use measures of an HIV positive child's health to examine whether or not there is a difference in their health status according to caretaker and household economic status. Study design. This was a case comparison study between HIV infected children living with parents and those living with grandparents. Study setting. The study was conducted at the Pediatric Infectious Disease Clinic (PIDC) in Mulago, Kampala, Uganda. Participants. 369 HIV-infected children aged seven months to 15 years attending the PIDC between June 13th and August 15th 2007 as well as their caretakers. Method. Patients were recruited during their clinic visits after they had seen the health care providers and waited to receive their medication. Methods used included a survey of all the 369 caregiver participants and abstraction of data from the 369 patient charts. Results. There was no significant association between staging and caretaker status (OR: 0.73 95%CI 0.44–1.21 p=0.09). Children taken care of by grandparents were more likely to have low height for age z-scores and higher weight for height z-scores (OR: 0.32, 95%CI: 0.14–0.74, p = 0.005). There was no difference is social support seeking behavior between parents and grandparents. Conclusion. There was no statistically significant association observed between caretaker status and presenting in advanced stages. This implies that the stage at which HIV-infected children present for care is not determined by the type of caretaker. Caretakers for HIV-infected children need a lot of support beyond medical care.

Subject Area

Public health|Epidemiology

Recommended Citation

Nsangi, Betty Kintu, "Differences in health status of HIV infected children cared for by parents as compared to those cared for by grandparents" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1450299.