A geographic analysis of liver cancer mortality and alcohol dependence or abuse in Texas and the U.S., 1980–2003
Background. Liver cancer mortality continues to be a significant factor in deaths worldwide and in the U.S., yet there remains a lack of studies on how mortality burden is impacted by racial groups or by heavy alcohol use. This study evaluated the geographic distribution of liver cancer mortality across population groups in Texas and the U.S. over a 24-year period, as well as determining whether alcohol dependence or abuse correlates with mortality rates. Methods. The Spatial Scan Statistic was used to identify regions of excess liver cancer mortality in Texas counties and the U.S. from 1980 to 2003. The statistic was conducted with a spatial cluster size of 50% of the population at risk, and all analyses used publicly available data. Alcohol abuse data by state and ethnicity were extracted from SAMHSA datasets for the study period 2000–2004. Results. The results of the geographic analysis of liver cancer mortality in both Texas and the U.S. indicate that there were four and seven regions, respectively, that were identified as having statistically significant excess mortality rates with elevated relative risks ranging from 1.38–2.07 and 1.05–1.623 (p = 0.001), respectively. Conclusion. This study revealed seven regions of excess mortality of liver cancer mortality across the U.S. and four regions of excess mortality in Texas between 1980–2003, as well as demonstrated a correlation between elevated liver cancer mortality rates and reporting of alcohol dependence among Hispanics and Other populations.
Wang, Nathan Kai-Lei, "A geographic analysis of liver cancer mortality and alcohol dependence or abuse in Texas and the U.S., 1980–2003" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1450306.