Is body mass index associated with Barrett esophagus: A systematic literature review
Background. Risk factors underlying the development of Barrett's esophagus (BE) are poorly understood. Recent studies have examined the association between elevated body mass index (BMI) and BE with conflicting results. A systematic review of literature was performed to study this association. Methods. Cross-sectional, case control and cohort studies published through April 2007 meeting strict inclusion and exclusion criteria were included. A thorough data abstraction, including that of reported crude or adjusted odds ratios or mean BMI, was performed. Crude odds ratios were estimated from available information in 3 studies. Results. Of 630 publications identified by our search items, 59 were reviewed in detail and 12 included in the final analyses. 3 studies showed a statistically significant association between obesity and BE (30-32) while 2 studies found a statistically significant association between overweight and BE (31, 32). Two studies that reported BMI as a continuous variable found BMI in cases to be significantly higher than that in the comparison group (30, 32). Other studies failed to show an significant association between elevated BMI and BE. Conclusions. There is conflicting data regarding the association between elevated BMI and BE. It is important to identify other risk factors that in combination with elevated BMI may lead to BE. Further studies are needed to evaluate if the presence of reflux symptoms or any particular pattern of obesity, are independently associated with BE. Key words. Barrett's esophagus, obesity, Body Mass Index, gastroesophageal reflux disease, meta-analysis
Kamat, Paresh Prabhakar, "Is body mass index associated with Barrett esophagus: A systematic literature review" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1454136.