An overview of China's one child policy and health consequences on society

Satyam Nayak, The University of Texas School of Public Health


In 1979, China implemented the one child policy to stifle the burden of the massive demographic growth cast on the future economic development and quality of living conditions. At the time, a quarter of the world's population resided in China and occupied only 7 percent of the world's arable land (The World Factbook, 2006). The government set the target total population to about 1.4 billion for the year 2010 and to significantly reduce the natural increase rate. First this overview paper will describe population demographics and economy of China's society. This paper will also investigate what the one child policy entails and how it is implemented. Furthermore, the consequences of the policy in regard to population growth, sex ratio, marital discrepancies, adverse health of mother and child, aging population, and pension coverage will be examined. Finally, future recommendations and an alternative policy will be postulated to increase the effectiveness of the policy and improve its effects on health.

Subject Area

Public health

Recommended Citation

Nayak, Satyam, "An overview of China's one child policy and health consequences on society" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1454278.