A case-control study of tea/coffee consumption and lung cancer risk
Background. Despite the increasing attention to the effects of dietary factors on lung cancer risk, epidemiological research on the role of black/green tea and coffee intake and lung cancer risk is scarce. The purpose of this study was to explore the following three hypotheses: (1) the preventive (protective) effect from lung cancer is higher in green tea than in black tea and coffee consumption. (2) brewed tea (either black or green) daily drinkers have lower odds of lung cancer than non-drinkers of brewed tea (3) regular black and green tea have more preventive effect against lung cancer than decaffeinated teas due to the synergistic effect of caffeine and other tea components. Methods. Data on 1,088 lung cancer cases and 1,127 controls from an ongoing epidemiological study of lung cancer by the Department of Epidemiology of the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer were analyzed. Multiple logistic regressions were performed for testing associations between frequency of specific types of tea/coffee consumption and the risk of lung cancer. Results. We observed that more than a cup a week of green tea and decaffeinated black tea were significantly associated with reduced odds of lung cancer by 64% for green tea (adjusted OR = 0.44; 95% CI = 0.31–0.64), 36% for decaffeinated black tea (OR = 0.64; 95% CI = 0.45–0.90), when compared with non-drinkers and those who drank less than a cup a week. On the other hand, increasing intake of regular coffee (more than 3 cups a day) was associated with a 30% higher odds ratio of lung cancer (OR = 1.30; 95% CI = 1.01–1.09). No association was found between regular black tea, decaffeinated coffee consumption and the odds ratio of lung cancer. However, when drinkers of other tea/coffee beverages were excluded from each model in order to explore the independent effect of each type of tea/coffee, green tea and decaffeinated black tea-lung cancer associations remained but no association was observed for drinkers of regular coffee. Conclusion. We report the chemopreventive effects of more than a cup a week of green tea and decaffeinated black tea on lung cancer.
Fujiwara, Atsuko, "A case-control study of tea/coffee consumption and lung cancer risk" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1454279.