Evidence of secondary dengue infection and potential for association with clinical depression in a subset of a randomly selected cohort in South Texas
Globally, dengue is an emerging disease resulting in an estimated 50 million new cases and 22, 000 deaths each year. Anecdotally, depression has been reported as a possible sequelae of dengue virus infection. To test the association, we performed a cross-sectional analysis in a selected sub-set of participants from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort (CCHC) in South Texas. All study subjects in the analysis had Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CES-D) scores and were tested for dengue antibodies using stored plasma. We found that 5.0% of participants tested either positive or equivocal for anti-dengue IgG antibodies using the capture antibody test, which detects acute secondary infections. Logistic regression identified that evidence of acute secondary dengue infection was not associated with depression (Odds Ratio [OR] = 0.97, 95%Confidence Interval [CI] 0.47-1.98); however, both being female (OR = 1.53, 95%CI 1.09-2.15) and obese body mass index (BMI > 30) (OR = 1.84, 95%CI 1.19-2.84) were associated with depression.
Beasley, Crystal M, "Evidence of secondary dengue infection and potential for association with clinical depression in a subset of a randomly selected cohort in South Texas" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1454370.