Prevalence and risk factors of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in critically-ill hospitalized patients in a tertiary care center in Houston, Texas: An active surveillance pilot project
Objective. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of MRSA colonization in adult patients admitted to intensive care units at an urban tertiary care hospital in Houston, Texas and to evaluate the risk factors associated with colonization during a three month active-screening pilot project. Design. This study used secondary data from a small cross-sectional pilot project. Methods. All patients admitted to the seven specialty ICUs were screened for MRSA by nasal culture. Results were obtained utilizing the BD GeneOhm™ IDI-MRSA assay in vitro diagnostic test, for rapid MRSA detection. Statistical analysis was performed using the STATA 10, Epi Info, and JavaStat. Results . 1283/1531 (83.4%) adult ICU admissions were screened for nasal MRSA colonization. Of those screened, demographic and risk factor data was available for 1260/1283 (98.2%). Unresolved results were obtained for 73 patients. Therefore, a total of 1187/1531 (77.5%) of all ICU admissions during the three month study period are described in this analysis. Risk factors associated with colonization included the following: hospitalization within the last six months (odds ratio 2.48 [95% CI, 1.70-3.63], p=0.000), hospitalization within the last 12 months, (odds ratio 2.27 [95% CI, 1.57-3.80], p=0.000), and having diabetes mellitus (odds ratio 1.63 [95% CI, 1.14-2.32], p=0.007). Conclusion. Based on the literature, the prevalence of MRSA for this population is typical of other prevalence studies conducted in the United States and coincides with the continual increasing trend of MRSA colonization. Significant risk factors were similar to those found in previous studies. Overall, the active surveillance screening pilot project has provided valuable information on a population not widely addressed. These findings can aid in future interventions for the education, control, prevention, and treatment of MRSA.
Espinoza, Carolina, "Prevalence and risk factors of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in critically-ill hospitalized patients in a tertiary care center in Houston, Texas: An active surveillance pilot project" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1454487.