The association of food sources of calcium with weight class in adolescent girls
To determine the association of food sources of calcium with weight class in adolescent girls, the major food sources of calcium were determined for 718 sixth grade girls at three different time periods during an 18 month school-based health intervention program using a FFQ. To determine weight class, the BMI of each girl was stratified using CDC age and gender specific criteria at each time period. The percent contribution of the major food sources of calcium to total calcium intake was compared among the different weight classes at each time period, among those girls who had changed weight class at the different time periods and for those girls who did not change weight class at the different time periods. The mean total calcium intake increased by 20% between the first two time periods and by 12% between the first and last time periods with the intervention despite baseline total calcium intake already being greater than the recommended 1300 mg/day. The percent contribution of the major food sources of calcium were highly correlated among the weight classes that were compared throughout the study. Those girls who remained in the normal weight class throughout the study had the most consistent intake of food sources of calcium. Their top four food sources of calcium were different types of milk which provided greater than 50% of their total calcium intake. Despite there being no significant differences in the major food sources of calcium among the different weight classes, these data show a successful intervention for increasing calcium intake among adolescent girls.
Ramsey, Emily, "The association of food sources of calcium with weight class in adolescent girls" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1454560.