Determinants of cervical cancer screening among women workers in Monterrey, Mexico
Introduction. Cervical cancer is the most common and lethal cancer among Mexican women. A nationwide cervical cancer screening program established in 1974 has had little impact on cervical cancer incidence or mortality rates. This case-control study was designed to determine the association between knowledge factors and structural, organizational, and sociocultural perceptions related to adherence to cervical cancer screening guidelines among women living and working in Monterrey, Mexico. Methods. Cases were defined as sexually active female store clerks ages 18-64 who do not adhere to cervical cancer screening guidelines in accordance with the Official Mexican Standard (Norma Oficial Mexicana, NOM 014-SSA2-1994). Controls were defined as sexually active female store clerks ages 18-64 who do adhere to cervical cancer screening guidelines in accordance with the NOM. Participants (N = 229) answered survey questions regarding cervical cancer screening practices as well as their knowledge and perceptions about screening for cervical cancer. Two multivariate logistic regression models were built to analyze (1) knowledge factors and (2) perceptions significantly associated with adherence in univariate analysis. Results. Having no or inaccurate knowledge of national cervical cancer screening guidelines (OR = 11.05, 95%CI: 4.28, 28.54) and no knowledge of the utility of the Papanicolaou (Pap) exam (OR = 6.77, 95%CI: 0.99, 46.43) were risk factors for non-adherence to cervical cancer screening guidelines. Perceptions of fear or embarrassment of the Pap exam (OR = 16.17, 95%CI: 5.08, 51.49) and lower levels of spousal or partner acceptance of the Pap exam (OR = 5.82, 95%CI: 1.34, 25.31) were risk factors for non-adherence to cervical cancer screening guidelines. Conclusion. Knowledge factors and sociocultural perceptions related to cervical cancer screening were strong predictors of adherence to screening guidelines. Future studies may be able to further explore these findings with larger sample sizes and in other populations in Mexico. By identifying these factors, future population-specific recommendations and interventions to increase screening rates can be formulated with the long-term goal of reducing morbidity and mortality from cervical cancer among Mexican women.
Womens studies|Public health|Hispanic Americans|Epidemiology
Wall, Kristin, "Determinants of cervical cancer screening among women workers in Monterrey, Mexico" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1454561.