Factors associated with smoking cessation using the 2005 National Health Interview Survey
Objectives. The objective of this study is to compare the socio-demographic, behavioral, and access to care characteristics of smokers who have quit smoking for one or more years and current smokers who have made an attempt to quit smoking within the last year. Methods. Data from the 2005 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) were used to compare current smokers who have tried to quit (n=2747) and former smokers who have quit for one or more years (n=6194). The data was analyzed using STATA 9.0 to perform statistical calculations. Results. Age, education, race and income were associated with smoking status. Respondents aged 65 and older were 36 times more likely to have quit smoking. Education and income had higher odds ratios among quitters (OR=1.27 and OR=1.21) and Non-Hispanic Whites were the most likely to have quit smoking compared to Hispanics and Blacks. Adults with health insurance coverage were 3.44 times more likely to have quit smoking. Discussion. Existing research suggests that individual factors relating to demographics behavior and access to care can impact a smoker's ability to quit smoking. This paper discusses the factors that affect cessation and which populations would benefit from additional research and targeted smoking cessation programs.
Denton, Courtney Ann, "Factors associated with smoking cessation using the 2005 National Health Interview Survey" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1454682.