Prior history of atopy or autoimmunity increases risk for alopecia areata
Background. The association between a prior history of atopy or other autoimmune diseases and risk of alopecia areata is not well established. Objective. Purpose of this study was to use the National Alopecia Areata Registry database to further investigate the association between history of atopy or other autoimmune diseases and risk of alopecia areata. Methods. A total of 2,613 self-registered sporadic cases (n = 2,055) and controls (n = 558) were included in the present analysis. Results. Possessing a history of any atopy (OR = 2.00; 95% CI 1.50-2.54) or autoimmune disease (OR = 1.73; 95% CI 1.10-2.72) was associated with an increased risk of alopecia areata. There was no trend for possessing a history of more than one atopy or autoimmune disease and increasing risk of alopecia areata. Limitations. Recall, reporting, and recruiting bias are potential sources of limitations in this analysis. Conclusion. This analysis revealed that a prior history of atopy and autoimmune disease was associated with an increased risk of alopecia areata and that the results were consistent for both the severe subtype of alopecia areata (i.e., alopecia totalis and alopecia universalis) and the localized subtype (i.e., alopecia areata persistent).
Barahmani, Nazila, "Prior history of atopy or autoimmunity increases risk for alopecia areata" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1457495.