Prognostic factors in desmoid tumors

Dhanasekaran Kotilingam, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Purpose. To evaluate the prognostic factors in desmoid tumors in the light of its possible use in standardizing the treatment strategy of an individual patient. Patients and methods. A retrospective review of 189 consecutive patients who were treated at MD Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC) from January 1995 to December 2005 was done. Univariate and multivariate analysis of different prognostic factors was done on all patients, patients treated with surgery alone, subset of patients who came to MDACC with primary tumor. The median follow up was 63 months. Also the analysis of 189 desmoid patients treated at MDACC between 1995 and 2005 was compared to results of 189 desmoid patients treated at MDACC from 1965-1994 using data retrieved from a 150 field prospective relational soft tissue tumor database. Results. 5-, and 10-year overall survival rate were 0.976 (95%CI 0.952, 0.999), and 0.966 (95% CI 0.935, 0.996), respectively. 5-, and 10-year recurrence free rate were 0.803 (95%CI 0.738, 0.868), and 0.793 (95% CI 0.726, 0.860), respectively. 5 year recurrence free survival for surgery alone, radiotherapy alone, chemotherapy alone and combination regimen were 0.759, 0.625, 0.933, and 0.802 respectively. Age (>30 vs. <=30) and primary tumor site (extremity vs visceral) were two prognostic factors significantly associated with local recurrence in all of the patients. Conclusion. An increased awareness of the complex multidisciplinary management needed for successful control of desmoid tumor may underlie a significantly increased number of desmoid referrals, especially primary untreated desmoids, to UTMDACC. The careful prospective integration of multiple therapies has led to a significant recent improvement in desmoid patient outcome. These trends should be supported, particularly if personalized molecular-based therapies are to be rapidly and effectively deployed for the benefit of those afflicted by this rare and potentially devastating disease.

Subject Area


Recommended Citation

Kotilingam, Dhanasekaran, "Prognostic factors in desmoid tumors" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1457520.