Neurocognitive impairment in relation to glutathione S-transferase enzyme polymorphisms among medulloblastoma patients
Background. Medulloblastoma is a type of brain cancer that accounts for approximately 7-8% of all intracranial tumors and 20-30% of pediatric brain tumors. It is the most common type of malignant brain tumor in childhood. It was reported that majority of survivors with medulloblastoma have social problems, endocrine deficits, and neurological complications. Furthermore, all had significant deficits in neurocognitive functioning. Glutathione S-transferases belong to a family of isoenzymes that catalyze the glutathione conjugation of a variety of electrophilic compounds. Objective. We aimed to determine whether the development of neurocognitive impairment is associated with GST polymorphisms among children and adolescents diagnosed with medulloblastoma (MB) after radiation therapy. Methods. A pilot study composing of 16 children and adolescents diagnosed with MB at Texas Children's Cancer Center was conducted. The t-test was used to determine if the GST polymorphisms were related to neurocognitive impairment and logistic regression was performed to explore association between GST polymorphisms and gender, age at diagnosis, race/ethnicity, and risk group. Results. An association was observed between GSTT1 polymorphism and cognitive impairment one year after radiation and GSTM1 polymorphism two years after radiation. It was observed that patients with GSTT1 null genotype have lower performance IQ (p=0.03) and full scale IQ (p=0.02) one year after radiation and patients with GSTM1 null genotype have lower verbal IQ (p=0.02) two years after radiation. Patients under age 8 have a statistically non-significant higher risk of having not null genotypes compared to those older than age 8 (OR= 7.5, 95%CI: 0.62-90.65 and OR= 2.63, 95%CI: 0.30-23.00 for GSTT1 and GSTM1 respectively). Conclusion. There was a significant association between GSTT1 polymorphism and cognitive impairment one year after radiation and between GSTM1 polymorphism and cognitive impairment two years after radiation. Further large scale studies may be needed to confirm this finding and to examine the underlying mechanism of neurocognitive impairments after treatment of medulloblastoma patients.
Barahmani, Nadia, "Neurocognitive impairment in relation to glutathione S-transferase enzyme polymorphisms among medulloblastoma patients" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1457527.