Role of stress myocardial perfusion scan in pre-operative evaluation of cancer patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery
Background. Cardiac risk assessment in cancer patients has not extensively been studied. We evaluated the role of stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in predicting cardiovascular outcomes in cancer patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Methods. A retrospective chart review was performed on 507 patients who had a MPI from 01/2002 - 03/2003 and underwent non-cardiac surgery. Median follow-up duration was 1.5 years. Cox proportional hazard model was used to determine the time-to-first event. End points included total cardiac events (cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI) and coronary revascularization), cardiac death, and all cause mortality. Results. Of all 507 MPI studies 146 (29%) were abnormal. There were significant differences in risk factors between normal and abnormal MPI groups. Mean age was 66±11 years, with 60% males and a median follow-up duration of 1.8 years (25th quartile=0.8 years, 75th quartile=2.2 years). The majority of patients had an adenosine stress study (53%), with fewer exercise (28%) and dobutamine stress (16%) studies. In the total group there were 39 total cardiac events, 31 cardiac deaths, and 223 all cause mortality events during the study. Univariate predictors of total cardiac events included CAD (p=0.005), previous MI (p=0.005), use of beta blockers (p=0.002), and not receiving chemotherapy (p=0.012). Similarly, the univariate predictors of cardiac death included previous MI (p=0.019) and use of beta blockers (p=0.003). In the multivariate model for total cardiac events, age at surgery (HR 1.04, p=0.030), use of beta blockers (HR 2.46; p=0.011), dobutamine MPI (HR 3.08; p=0.018) and low EF (HR 0.97; p=0.02) were significant predictors of worse outcomes. In the multivariate model for predictors of cardiac death, beta blocker use (HR=2.74; p=0.017) and low EF (HR=0.95; p<0.003) were predictors of cardiac death. The only univariate MPI predictor of total cardiac events was scar severity (p=0.005). While MPI predictors of cardiac death were scar severity (p= 0.001) and ischemia severity (p=0.02). Conclusions. Stress MPI is a useful tool in predicting long term outcomes in cancer patients undergoing surgery. Ejection fraction and severity of myocardial scar are important factors determining long term outcomes in this group.
Chandra, Shalabh, "Role of stress myocardial perfusion scan in pre-operative evaluation of cancer patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1457562.