Prevalence and risk factors for human immunodefiency virus and hepatitis C virus co-infection among drug users in innercity neighborhoods in Houston, Texas
Background. There are 200,000 HIV/HCV co-infected people in the US and IDUs are at highest risk of exposure. Between 52-92% of HIV infected IDUs are chronically infected with HCV. African Americans and Hispanics bear the largest burden of co-infections. Furthermore HIV/HCV co-infection is associated with high morbidity and mortality if not treated. The present study investigates the demographic, sexual and drug related risk factors for HIV/HCV co-infection among predominantly African American injecting and non-injecting drug users living in two innercity neighborhoods in Houston, Texas. Methods. This secondary analysis used data collected between February 2004 and June 2005 from 1,889 drug users. Three case-comparison analyses were conducted to investigate the risk factors for HIV/HCV co-infection. HIV mono-infection, HCV mono-infection and non-infection were compared to HIV/HCV co-infection to build multivariate logistic regression models. Race/ethnicity and age were forced into each model regardless of significance in the univariate analysis. Results. The overall prevalence of HIV/HCV co-infection was 3.9% while 39.8% of HIV infected drug users were co-infected with HCV and 10.7% of HCV infected drug users were co-infected with HIV. Among HIV infected IDUs the prevalence of HCV was 71.7% and among HIV infected NIDUs the prevalence of HCV was 24%. In the multivariate analysis, HIV/HCV co-infection was associated with injecting drug use when compared to HIV mono-infection, with MSM when compared to HCV mono-infection and with injecting drug use as well as MSM when compared to non-infection. Conclusion. HIV/HCV co-infection was associated with a combination of sexual and risky injecting practices. More data on the prevalence and risk factors for co-infection among minority populations is urgently needed to support the development of targeted interventions and treatment options. Additionally there should be a focus on promoting safer sex and injecting practices among drug users as well as the expansion of routine testing for HIV and HCV infections in this high risk population.
Desai, Priyanka, "Prevalence and risk factors for human immunodefiency virus and hepatitis C virus co-infection among drug users in innercity neighborhoods in Houston, Texas" (2008). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1457586.