The impact of antibiotic associated diarrhea on health related quality of life in hospitalized patients
Objective. To determine the impact of antibiotic associated diarrhea (AAD) on health related quality of life (HRQOL) in hospitalized patients compared to matched controls without diarrhea. Methods. This is a hospital-based, matched case-control study using secondary data from a prospective cohort trial of patients receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics. One hundred and seventy-eight patients were recruited of whom 18 (10%) reported having antibiotic associated diarrhea. Two non-diarrhea controls were selected for each case with diarrhea giving a final sample of 18 cases and 36 controls. Responses from Short Form (SF) 36 questionnaire were aggregated into eight domains including physical functioning (PF), role-functioning physical (RP), bodily pain (BP), general health (GH), social functioning (SF), vitality (VT), role-functioning emotional (RE), and mental health (MH). The eight domains were compared between cases and controls. A GI targeted HRQOL measure was administered to 13 patients with AAD. Responses from the disease-specific instrument were combined in eight subscale scores: dysphoria, interference with activity, body image, health worry, food avoidance, social reaction, sex, and relationships. Results. The sample consisted of 41 females (75.9%) and 13 males (24.1%) aged 53.5 ± 14.4 years (range: 21-76 years). Twenty five patients (46%) were Caucasian, 15 (27%) were African American, 13(24%) were Hispanic and 1(2%) was Asian. In univariate analysis, no significant differences in quality of life outcomes were observed in each of the SF36 domains between the case patients and matched controls. There were trends for decreased scores on the role-functioning physical, bodily pain, general health, social functioning, mental health, and mental summary domains. In total, 7 of 8 domain scores were lower in patients with AAD and 5 of 8 domain scores were lower by more than 5 points (considered clinically significant). Controlling for age, patients with antibiotic associated diarrhea had significantly lower general health, vitality, and mental health scale scores (p<0.05 each). The disease-specific scores were significantly lower in patients with AAD than those in published norms for irritable bowel syndrome patients. Conclusion. In this small sample, several areas of decreased QOL in patients with AAD compared to matched controls were noted. A larger sample size to validate these results is necessary.
Elhor Gbito, Kplola, "The impact of antibiotic associated diarrhea on health related quality of life in hospitalized patients" (2009). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1462247.