Association of pellicle growth morphological characteristics and clinical presentation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates
Trehalose dimycolate (TDM) is a mycobacterial glycolipid that is released from the surface of virulent M. tuberculosis. We evaluated the rate of growth, colony characteristics and production of TDM by Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from different clinical sites. Since detergent removes TDM from organisms, we analyzed growth rate and colony morphology of 79 primary clinical isolates grown as pellicles on the surface of detergent free Middlebrook 7H9 media. The genotype of each had been previously characterized. TDM production was measured by thin layer chromatography on 32 of these isolates. We found that strains isolated from pulmonary sites produced large amounts of TDM, grew rapidly as thin spreading pellicles, showed early cording (<1 >week) and climbed the sides of the dish. In contrast, the extrapulmonary isolates (lymph node and bone marrow) produced less TDM (p<0.01), grew as discrete patches with little tendency to spread or climb the walls (p<0.02). The Beijing pulmonary (BP) isolates produced more TDM than non Beijing pulmonary isolates. The largest differences were observed in Beijing strains. The Beijing pulmonary isolates produced more TDM and grew faster than the Beijing extrapulmonary isolates (p<0.01). This was true even when the pulmonary and extrapulmonary isolates were derived from the same clade. These growth characteristics were consistently observed only on the first passage after primary isolation. This suggests that the differences in growth rate and TDM production observed reflect differences in gene expression patterns of pulmonary and extrapulmonary infections, that Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the lung grows more rapidly and produces more TDM than it does in extrapulmonary sites. This provides new opportunities to investigate gene expression of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in human.
Arora, Ranjana, "Association of pellicle growth morphological characteristics and clinical presentation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates" (2009). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1462276.