Assessing pediatric nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and MRSA
Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become an increasing problem in the community. Nasal carriage of these bacteria has been shown to be a predisposing factor for infection and environmental contamination. This serious public health concern prompted an investigation to assess the pediatric nasal carriage of these bacteria in an effort to better understand the populations at risk and prevention of infection. This prospective study surveys 30 children from the Northwest Assistance Ministries (NAM) pediatric clinic from October 2008 to the present. Two nasal swabs were taken in 2-4 week intervals to determine S. aureus carrier status. Microbiologic tests were conducted to isolate and identify S. aureus from nasal cultures. Children with 2 cultures positive for S. aureus were classified as persistent carriers, those with 1 positive and 1 negative culture were classified as intermittent carriers, and those with 2 negative cultures were classified as noncarriers. This information was related to patient records and statistical analyses (X 2 and t-tests) were performed. Distribution of S. aureus carriage related to patient demographics (age, sex, & race) was showed no significant differences between S. aureus positive and S. aureus negative patient populations (p = 0.8). Additionally, the distribution of carrier status related to demographics also showed no significant difference (p = 0.8). Finally, the distribution of carrier status related to relevant medical history (immunizations current, past infection, & antibiotic use at time of swabbing) showed no significant difference (p = 0.4). This study is a snapshot of an ongoing study to assess the pediatric nasal carriage of S. aureus and MRSA. The inability to draw any reliable conclusion from the distribution of data is likely a result of an inadequate samples size. This is one of few studies assessing pediatric nasal carriage of S. aureus and targeting an underrepresented, Hispanic population is especially unique. Continuing this study allows for a better understanding of the epidemiology of this bacterium which will hopefully lead to appropriate interventions thus preventing future S. aureus infections.
William, Joseph George, "Assessing pediatric nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and MRSA" (2009). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1462381.