Survival of gastrointestinal and stromal tumor patients at UT M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Renganayaki K Pandurengan, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Objective. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GISTs) are rare mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract with spindled cell, epithelioid, or occasionally pleomorphic morphology. The primary objective of this paper is to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics and survival among GIST patients registered at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC). Methods. This cohort study includes 783 consecutive patients diagnosed with GIST from 1995 to 2007. Demographic, clinical and survival information were obtained from the MDACC cancer registry. Statistical Analysis. Kaplan-Meier survival curves, univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis were conducted to estimate survival and identify prognostic clinical factors associated with survival. Results. The age at diagnosis of MDACC GIST cases ranged from 17 to 91 with a mean of 57 years and a male-to-female ratio of 1.3:1. The racial distribution was whites 77%, African-Americans 9.5%, Hispanics 9.3% and other races 4.2%. Fifty per cent of the GISTs arose from stomach, 35% small intestine, 7% retroperitoneal space, 6% colorectal and 2% were omentum and mesentery. About half of the tumors were less than 10 cm in size. Fifty eight per cent of the tumors were localized whereas 36% were metastatic. MDACC GIST patients were generally comparable to SEER patients, but, on the average, were 7 years younger than SEER patients and were predominantly whites. Stratification of 783 GIST cases by year of diagnosis based on the introduction of imatinib treatment in 2000 revealed that 60% of the GIST cases were first diagnosed between 2000 and 2007 whereas, 40% were first diagnosed between 1995 and 1999. There was a significant difference between the two cohorts in the distribution of race, GIST symptom, tumor size, tumor site, and stage of the tumor at diagnosis. The 1- and 5-year survival was 93% and 59% in the 1995–2007 cohort. Multivariate Cox regression analysis identified age at diagnosis (p<0.001), female sex (p=0.047), tumor size (p=0.07), multiple cancers (p=0.002), and GIST diagnosed between 2000 and 2007 (p<0.001) were significantly associated with survival. Approximately, 58% of the cases were treated with imatinib whereas 42% did not receive imatinib in 2000–2005 cohort. There was a significant difference in survival between imatinib and non-imatinib groups and in the distribution of tumor size categories, stage of the tumor at diagnosis and cancers before the diagnosis of GIST. The 1- and 5-year survival for imatinib patients was 99% and 73% and was 91% and 63% for non-imatinib patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis of the 2000–2007 cohort identified, age at diagnosis and tumor stage as possible prognostic factors associated with survival.

Subject Area

Biostatistics|Public health|Epidemiology

Recommended Citation

Pandurengan, Renganayaki K, "Survival of gastrointestinal and stromal tumor patients at UT M.D. Anderson Cancer Center" (2009). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1462403.