Matrix metalloproteinase-1 as a prognosticator in malignant glioma

Linda Apperley Stout, The University of Texas School of Public Health


The overall purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between the promoter region polymorphism (-2607 1G/2G) of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) polymorphism and outcome in brain tumor patients diagnosed with a primary brain tumor between 1994 and 2000 at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. The MMP-1 polymorphism was genotyped for all brain tumor patients who participated in the Family Brain Tumor Study and for whom blood samples were available. Relevant covariates were abstracted from medical records for all cases from the original protocol, including information on demographics, tumor histology, therapy and outcome was obtained. The hypothesis was that brain tumor patients with the 2G allele have a poorer prognosis and shorter survival than brain tumor patients with the 1G allele. Experimental Design: Genetic variants for the MMP-1 enzyme were determined by a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. Comparison was made between the overall survival for cases with the 2G polymorphism and overall survival for cases with the 1G polymorphism using multivariable Cox Proportional-Hazard analysis, controlling for age, sex, Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS), extent of surgery, tumor histology and treatment received. Kaplan-Meier and Cox Proportional-Hazard analyses were utilized to assess if the MMP-1 polymorphisms were related to overall survival. Results: Overall survival was not statistically significantly different between the 2G allele brain tumor patients and the 1G allele patients and there was no statistically significant difference between tumor types. Conclusions: No association was found between MMP-1 polymorphisms and survival in patients with malignant gliomas.

Subject Area

Molecular biology|Medicine

Recommended Citation

Stout, Linda Apperley, "Matrix metalloproteinase-1 as a prognosticator in malignant glioma" (2009). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1462409.