Catchment area of oral cleft cases for two major hospitals in Harris County
Background. Orofacial clefts are among the most common birth defects and considered to be of complex etiology with both genetic and environmental factors. Objectives. The purpose of this study was to describe maternal and infant characteristics, examine the catchment area, and determine if there are any geospatial patterns among infants with an orofacial cleft delivered at two major hospitals in Harris County, The Woman's Hospital of Texas and Memorial Hermann Hospital-Texas Medical Center, from January 1, 2003 through December 31, 2007. Methods. Data were obtained from two major hospitals in Harris County and included all babies delivered in the period from 2003 through 2007 with an orofacial cleft. Residential addresses were mapped using MapInfo GIS software and the cluster analysis performed with SaTScan software. Results. Ninety-nine cases were identified spanning nine counties. 26% of cases resided within a 5-mile radius of the Texas Medical Center. Birth rates ranged from 1.4 to 16.5 per 10,000 total births. A cluster was identified in southwest Harris County, however, it was not significant (p=0.066). Conclusion. This study encourages further focus on linking cleft cases to environmental factors in order to determine potential risks.
Gamboa, Jessica, "Catchment area of oral cleft cases for two major hospitals in Harris County" (2009). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1462448.