A review of cataract in stable and conflict zones in Africa

Fozia Steinkuller, The University of Texas School of Public Health


Aim. To review and explore cataract prevalence in stable and unstable countries by examining published and unpublished ocular literature about Africa from 1980 onwards. Methods. Searches using OVID, Proquest Dissertations, WHO, and Ebsco Host were done. The review was restricted to articles utilizing WHO definitions of blindness and low vision. Random cluster sampling technique with a minimum sample size of 1,500, and reporting causes of blindness categorized by age and gender were inclusion considerations in the selected articles. Results. Blindness and low vision increased with conflict. Women and the elderly were more likely to have vision impairing cataract. Cataract was the leading cause of blindness; the prevalence range was 22%–81% for the reviewed nations. Conclusion. Instability was connected to higher cataract prevalence and worse visual outcome across all characteristics examined except cataract surgical rates.

Subject Area

Ophthalmology|Public health|Public policy

Recommended Citation

Steinkuller, Fozia, "A review of cataract in stable and conflict zones in Africa" (2009). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1462449.