Trends in anti-tuberculosis drug resistance from 2003–2007 at Pham Ngoc Thach tuberculosis and lung disease hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Vietnam is one of the countries with the highest prevalence and incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in the world (1). Although Vietnam has had many successes in TB control, it still faces the challenge of drug resistant and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). MDR-TB appears to be relatively stable, but data on MDR-TB continues to be scarce and routine testing of all isolates for drug susceptibility is not performed under Vietnam's National Tuberculosis Program (6). Pham Ngoc Thach Hospital (PNT), the leading tuberculosis and lung disease hospital in Ho Chi Minh City, serves as a reference hospital and laboratory for both Ho Chi Minh City and the Southern Vietnam region. This study is an unmatched, nested case-control study consisting of a secondary analysis of a previously created dataset composed of drug susceptibility and basic demographic data from a cohort of patients diagnosed with tuberculosis at PNT from 2003 through 2007 in order to calculate the prevalence of resistance among acid-fast bacilli smear-positive patients. The susceptibility records for the years 2003-2004 were not representative of the entire population, but over the years 2005-2007 the investigator found a decrease in resistance to all primary TB drugs on which records were available, as well as MDR-TB. Overall, females showed a higher proportion of resistance to TB drugs than males, and females had a greater likelihood of presenting with MDR-TB than males (OR=1.77). Persons 35-54 had greater likelihood of having MDR-TB than younger and older age groups. Among the population with HIV data, HIV-positivity was associated with greater likelihood of MDR-TB (OR=1.70, 95% CI=0.97-3.11). This study shows that rates of TB drug resistance are high, but declining, in one of Vietnam's largest TB hospitals, and that females and HIV-positive individuals are possible high-risk groups in this population.
Malone, Colin, "Trends in anti-tuberculosis drug resistance from 2003–2007 at Pham Ngoc Thach tuberculosis and lung disease hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam" (2009). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1462789.