Smokeless tobacco use in 2005 US Military population

David M Rogers, The University of Texas School of Public Health


U.S. Military personnel are more likely to use smokeless tobacco than civilians. The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between smokeless tobacco use and sociodemographic, behavioral, and occupational variables, using data from the 2005 Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behaviors among Active Duty Military Personnel. The DoD survey was comprised of representative active duty U.S. military members (N=16,146). In adjusted multivariate logistic regression models, this study found smokeless tobacco use to be more prevalent in younger age, males, whites, and enlisted-rank members. By service, higher rates were reported among members of the Army and Marine Corps than among the Air Force and Navy members. Smokeless tobacco use among those who also smoke or drink heavily was also much higher than among those who did not report smoking or heavy alcohol use. Results also showed increased prevalence of smokeless tobacco use among those who reported moderate or high impulsive behavior and among those who recently deployed. These findings contribute to improving the understanding of factors related to smokeless tobacco use in the military and may help design strategies to reduce the use of this potentially toxic substance and improve health for military members.

Subject Area

Public health|Military studies

Recommended Citation

Rogers, David M, "Smokeless tobacco use in 2005 US Military population" (2009). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1467328.