Evaluation of the relationship between nutrition and functional independence measures among stroke patients undergoing inpatient rehabilitation
Cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) or strokes are now the third leading cause of death in the United States. Many who suffer strokes are admitted to rehabilitation centers in order to receive therapy to help rebuild and recovery function. Nutrition plays a significant role in rehabilitation patient outcomes, and is an essential part of comprehensive care. The purpose of this study is to determine if nutrition and diet consistency are directly and independently associated with changes in the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores in stroke patients in an acute rehabilitation unit. This study was a retrospective secondary analysis review of medical chart records, and included a total of 84 patients. Patients were divided into groups based on their admission diet: Regular, Dysphagia Advanced, Dysphagia Mechanically Altered, Dysphagia Pureed, and Nutrition Support. Measurements included admission and discharge Total, Motor, and Cognitive FIM scores; BMI, albumin and prealbumin; age, sex, and race. Patients did show a significant improvement in their FIM scores during their stay, with patients on Regular diets having the highest FIM scores. Patients who were more debilitated and had lower FIM scores were usually in one of the altered texture diet groups, or on nutrition support. Prealbumin and BMI were also the highest in patients who had high FIM scores. Patients who were admitted on an altered diet also tended to advance in their diets, which show improvement in overall function. It is crucial to continue to improve nutrition administration to this population to help prevent morbidity and mortality. Proper nutrition in the acute phase of stroke can lay the essential groundwork for recovery.
Barrows, Katherine, "Evaluation of the relationship between nutrition and functional independence measures among stroke patients undergoing inpatient rehabilitation" (2009). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1467383.