Prevalence and determinants of colonic polyps in children undergoing colonoscopy: A large hospital-based cross-sectional study
Background. Colorectal polyps are abnormal growths in the wall of the colon including the rectum. The study aims to estimate the prevalence and type of colonic polyps in children undergoing colonoscopic examination at Texas Children's Hospital (TCH) in Houston, Texas during 2000-2007. Also, to examine the factors associated with colonic polyps and the potential determinants of colonic polyps in children undergoing colonoscopy and compare those who had colonic polyps with those who did not on colonoscopy, and determine the significant risk factors of colonic polyps in these children. Methods. We conducted a cross sectional study to analyze data collected at TCH. We obtained demographic, clinical, and histopathology information on consecutive patients who underwent colonoscopy during 2000-2007 from endoscopic records contained in the PEDS-CORI registry (Pediatric Endoscopy Database System-Clinical Outcomes Research Initiative), and abstracted data from the accompanying histopathology reports. Results. We identified 2,693-unique patients, under 18 years of age, who underwent colonoscopy. Approximately 65.5% were white non-Hispanic, and 10.8% African-American. The mean age was 8.7 years and 51.8% were female patients. Polyps were present in 174 patients (6.5%). The most common two histological types were juvenile (60.6%), inflammatory (17.4%). We found that the prevalence of polyps was higher in younger aged children (12.9% in 0-5 years) than in older aged children (4% in 15-17 years), and slightly higher in males than in females (7.9% and 5.4% respectively). For males only, the odds of polyps were statistically significantly higher in Blacks and Hispanics compared to white non Hispanics (OR of 2.2 and 2.1, respectively, and 95% CI of 1.3, 3.9 and 1.3, 3.5 respectively). The indications for colonoscopy were different for children with polyps compared to those without polyps, i.e., 47.0% vs. 19.8% respectively for lower GI bleeding, 2.7% vs. 21.4% respectively for abdominal pain/bloating, and, or 0.9% vs. 9.6% respectively for diarrhea. Conclusion. Colorectal polyps occur in about 1 in 15 children and adolescents undergoing first colonoscopy. The demographic variable of younger age is strongly associated with having polyps irrespective of ethnicity. Lower GI bleeding is strongly related to the presence of colorectal polyps in children and adolescents undergoing colonoscopy.
Alsarraj, Abeer, "Prevalence and determinants of colonic polyps in children undergoing colonoscopy: A large hospital-based cross-sectional study" (2009). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI1470192.